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About the Philippines

Welcome to the enchanting archipelago of the Philippines, a tropical paradise nestled in the heart of Southeast Asia. Consisting of 7,641 islands, this vibrant nation is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes, diverse culture, and warm hospitality. The Philippines is a prime example of how tradition and modernity can coexist thanks to its rich history, indigenous roots, Spanish colonization, and resilient legacy.

Boasting pristine beaches, lush jungles, and towering mountains, the Philippines offers a kaleidoscope of natural wonders. From the famous white sands of Boracay to the mesmerizing Chocolate Hills of Bohol, each island presents a unique tapestry of beauty waiting to be explored. Under the crystal-clear waters, a treasure trove of marine life and vibrant coral reefs beckon divers and snorkelers.

The Filipino people, known for their genuine warmth and friendliness, contribute to the country's distinct charm. A melting pot of cultures, the Philippines embraces a blend of indigenous, Spanish, and Asian influences, reflected in its cuisine, festivals, and traditions. Whether savoring the flavors of adobo and sinigang or partaking in the lively celebrations of various festivals, visitors are immersed in an unforgettable cultural experience.

History of the Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines is an independent nation with a democratic government and presidential status. The history of the Philippines gain has been rocky, to say the least. The country collectively has gone through various acquisitions, rules, and wars. Here is a brief account of the history of the land of the enchanted islands.

The Pre-Historic Era

Some 50 million years ago, volcanic eruptions created the Philippine archipelago. First inhabited about 30,000 years ago, Chinese settlers and Muslim traders from Borneo controlled the area by the ninth century A.D. At the period, Islam ruled, and society was organized essentially as a three-tier civilization. Except from the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, which is the oldest known written record of the Philippines, not much is known about this period.

Colonial Rule in the Philippines

Spanish Rule

Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan claimed the islands in Spain in 1521. At the time, the country was known as Las Felipinas, after King Philip II of Spain. After more than three centuries of their reign, the locals began their independence movement.

Three individuals first represented the movement: Mariano Ponce, Jose Rizal, and Marcelo H. de Pilar. Once Jose Rizal was put to death for insurrection, the movement gained steam. This resulted in Emilio Aguinaldo leading the creation of the Katipunan, a covert organization.

1896 saw the beginning of the Philippine Revolution; in 1897, following talks, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato was drafted. By this agreement, the rebels were banished to Hong Kong. At this period, Aguinaldo and his rebel allies created the modern Philippine flag.

American Rule

Concurrent with the Philippine independence movement in 1898 was the Spanish-American conflict over Cuba's freedom. The war was ended in December 1898 when Spain gave America control of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. In January 1899, US President William McKinley established the First Philippine Republic following a protracted sequence of talks and misunderstandings.

But the Filipinos did not like the US's next moves, and in February 1899 the Philippine-American War broke out. The Filipinos lost their two-year war. All uprisings were put down for the following thirty years as American control over the archipelago was established. The US administration created the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935 with specific independence intentions.

But in 1941 the Second World War broke out, and the Japanese army invaded the Philippines, leaving the US (in the Philippines) helpless for two or three years. The Filipinos rebelled against Japanese control at this period by means of covert guerilla warfare. Returning in October 1944, the US used Filipino soldiers to help them beat the Japanese.

Post-Colonial Period

Following the war, in 1945 the Philippines was given Commonwealth status again, and in 1946 the US formally acknowledged the Philippines as an independent country by the Treaty of Manila. After several instances of political instability and corruption, the Philippines regained democracy. It saw prosperous economic times under a number of presidents.

Visitation to the Republic of the Philippines is highly recommended. The history of the country just enriches its beauty and culture. Your list of destinations for a short and inexpensive vacation should include this nation!